Welcome to PetForums

Join thousands of other pet owners and pet lovers on the UK's most popular and friendly pet community and discussion forum.

Sign Up

Zoonotic Diseases in Dogs

Discussion in 'Dog Health and Nutrition' started by FEWill, Jun 20, 2010.


  1. FEWill

    FEWill PetForums Senior

    Joined:
    Sep 2, 2009
    Messages:
    403
    Likes Received:
    25
    Zoonotic diseases in dogs can be spread by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. However, whatever the actual cause is, they all have one thing in common; they can spread from your dog to you. Zoonoses diseases are defined as any disease that can spread from animals to people, and there are several that are specific to dogs. Depending on what the actual disease is, it can be spread in several different methods.

    Most of these diseases produce only mild forms of illness in people, but some, such as rabies, which is rare but does still occur, can be fatal. The risk factor with these is the same as with any other potential disease, as it will all depend on the strength of your immune system. If the immune system is not fully developed or is in the least bit compromised, you are at risk of contracting a disease from your dog.

    Groups at risk:

    A zoonotic disease in dogs by no means implies that it is not safe to have a dog; it simply means that there are some precautions you should take. The first groups at risk are infants, very young children, as well as the elderly. Infants and young children are still in the process of developing a fully powered immune system, while the elderly in most all cases will have weakened immune systems. Pregnant women are also considered very high risks of contracting a disease from a dog, as well as anyone that is undergoing any type of cancer therapy.

    Transplant recipients or any other person that is on immune-suppressive medications are also at a higher risk, as well as anyone that has a chronic medical condition such as diabetes. AIDS patients or anyone with the HIV infection are also at risk.

    Zoonotic diseases:

    The following diseases are not all conclusive, but are rather the most common Zoonotic diseases in dogs. It is very helpful for any owner to have at least a basic understanding of the disease, the symptoms that your dog will have, as well as what symptoms will appear if you have contracted the disease from your pet.

    Brucellosis:

    The first of the Zoonotic disease in dogs is referred to as Brucellosis. This can be a very difficult disease to catch early in your dog as they will not have any real warning signs of the disease. However, as it progresses, they will begin to show signs of swollen lymph nodes or swollen testicles. In female dogs, it can also cause abortions. If you do contract this disease from your dog, the symptoms will be flu-like in natures, as well as arthritic like soreness. In males, sore testicles may also develop.

    Campylobacter:

    The next Zoonotic disease is called Campylobacter and this disease is much easier to identify in your dog as it has one very characteristic symptom; diarrhea. But it will not be a form of diarrhea that comes and goes; instead, it will become quite severe. The symptoms that appear in people infected by this disease are also flu-like in nature and will include both diarrhea as well as vomiting. If it is severe enough, you may also see signs of blood in either symptom.

    Cryptosporidia:

    The next potential form of Zoonotic disease is called Cryptosporidia and this one is also very difficult to indentify in your dog. If your dog is very healthy they may show no symptoms at all and it can go unnoticed entirely until they are examined by your veterinarian. However, if their immune system is compromised at all, they will also develop diarrhea. However, the symptoms in people are usually much broader and will include diarrhea and vomiting, as well as abdominal pain. If an owner has an immune challenged system, it can also cause pneumonia to develop.

    Fleas:

    Contrary to a lot of misconception, fleas are a Zoonotic disease. The obvious symptoms with your dog will be itching that can become quite severe and may also include small red lesions. When it is spread to humans, it also causes itching and is almost always accompanied with small red lesions.

    Giarda:

    The next of the Zoonotic diseases in dogs is referred to as Giarda, and this is another very challenging disease to identify. Puppies or young dogs may get diarrhea, but commonly dogs past this stage will show absolutely no signs at all. However, it is not the same when it is passed to humans. People usually start out by developing gas that rapidly turns into sudden and very powerful bouts of diarrhea. Once this occurs, nausea and abdominal pain are not far behind.

    Hook worms:

    The next Zoonotic disease is hookworm infestation, but this is very easy to spot in your dog. Because the hookworm is basically sucking your dogs blood, they will rapidly become anemic, develop diarrhea, and start to lose weight. However, the classic sign is a very sudden deterioration of the quality of their hair coat. When people are infected by hookworms, they will develop skin lesions that become extremely itchy.

    Leptospirosis:

    Zoonotic diseases in dogs continue with what is called Leptospirosis and this is not only quite easy to spot in your dog, it is also extremely dangerous. The symptoms usually appear very rapidly once they are infected and include a sudden fever, bleeding disorders, vomiting and diarrhea, as well as jaundice. However, if this infection is severe enough, it can easily cause kidney failure that could rapidly take the life of your dog.

    Although it is not fatal in people, it does have some very serious affects. It easily causes flu-like symptoms, can cause leg pains, meningitis, as well as kidney failure. In immune suppressed pregnant women, it could cause an abortion to occur.
    Ring worms:

    Another very common type of Zoonotic diseases in dogs is ringworm infections. This infection causes red, itchy and circular lesions that are almost always associated with massive hair loss. If it is severe enough, it can also cause your dogs infected skin to become crusty. If a human becomes infected, it will also cause very red and itchy skin lesions that are also circular in appearance.

    Round worms:

    This is perhaps the most common of all of the Zoonotic diseases and has one very characteristic symptom that will appear in your dog. Once infected, they almost always develop a pot belly. It can also stunt growth in young dogs as well as cause both vomiting and diarrhea. This infection is especially dangerous to young children, especially if the infection is spread to the eyes by direct contact. It can, in severe cases, cause blindness. However, the most common symptoms are joint pain, pneumonia, and flu-like symptoms.

    Protection:

    Zoonotic diseases in dogs will never be entirely prevented, but there are several basic things you can do to protect yourself as well as your dog. Keeping your pet healthy as well as utilizing good hygiene practices can drastically reduce the risk. Having your pet thoroughly examined twice a year will catch most all of these diseases, as well as keeping your dog as healthy as you can.

    Never feed your dog undercooked or raw meat, and keep them from drinking out of the toilet or eating any type of animal feces. As any dog owner owner knows, it is almost a badge of honor for a dog to roll on, sniff, and even cat droppings, but it is very unhealthy.

    Summary:

    Zoonotic diseases in dogs can also be drastically reduced by using good hygiene practices, especially when handling their waste. If your dog does accidently bite or scratch you, wash the wound immediately with soap and water to prevent infections from developing.

    Liquid Vitamins for Humans Cats and Dogs
     
  2. katiefranke

    katiefranke PetForums VIP

    Joined:
    Oct 6, 2008
    Messages:
    2,910
    Likes Received:
    110
    good list to make people aware, but oh dear, me and the whole raw-feeding community are stuffed then, as every meal our dogs eat is raw meat! :rolleyes: :D

    actually in the dogs I know that are fed raw, they are a lot healthier and do not seem to ever be affected by these kinds of things...maybe their constitution is strong enough to not contract these diseases...?

    and I am pretty certain that every dog I have heard of on here that has got giardia etc have been fed commercial food.

    I haven't heard of loads of people contracting any of these things and there are hundreds of thousands of people feeding their dogs a raw diet around the world...so not sure feeding raw food would be something to avoid.
     
  3. flufffluff39

    flufffluff39 PetForums VIP

    Joined:
    May 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,726
    Likes Received:
    31
    So as long as we keep them wormed and any ilnesses checked and sorted by vet straight away its ok??? Or will they be carriers???
     
  4. paddyjulie

    paddyjulie PetForums VIP

    Joined:
    May 9, 2009
    Messages:
    13,867
    Likes Received:
    826
    Our very first bullie had campylabactor ..he got it from eating hen poo... And when my Oh caught it off him boy was he Ill

    juliex
     
  5. FEWill

    FEWill PetForums Senior

    Joined:
    Sep 2, 2009
    Messages:
    403
    Likes Received:
    25
    Hi Katiefranke,

    I agree to a point about raw meat, but it also has several dangers. But everytime I write an article it is to stimulate other discussions as well as other opinions and thoughts.

    Thanks,
    Frank
     
  6. FEWill

    FEWill PetForums Senior

    Joined:
    Sep 2, 2009
    Messages:
    403
    Likes Received:
    25
    Hi Linkbuilder,

    Raw meat will always be a discussion, but as you noted there is alot more to this article. We just lost our Dalmatian of 15 years and anyway, any insight--from anyone--that helps dogs in anyway is my objective

    Thanks,
    Frank
     
  1. This site uses cookies to help personalise content, tailor your experience and to keep you logged in if you register.
    By continuing to use this site, you are consenting to our use of cookies.
    Dismiss Notice