Hi guys, I have owned a miniature schnauzer for 3 1/2 years - we had him from 12 weeks and he was toilet trained within 3 days. I followed the advise, and boom, it was easy! A few days ago, we adopted a second dog to join our family, a beautiful Havanese from a rescue shelter - he is 10 months old and has already lived in an illegal puppy mill, a hoarder's house and then the shelter, all three places where he could just go to the toilet all over the floor. I knew it would be much harder than the first dog, but could really do with more advice! So - we've been trying to follow the advice of taking him out to the garden regularly, putting him in the same spot, but there's an added complication - he is extremely nervous and hates being touched or picked up. We've made massive progress in that now he's leaving his crate and sitting or sleeping at my feet, and has even occasionally let me rub his tummy, but whenever he starts weeing, I pick him up to take him outside and I know he hates it. Once in the garden, he won't wee, and runs back inside. If I close the door, he hunches against the garden wall absolutely frozen in terror. I don't want to teach him that the garden is a scary place, or undo any of the bonding with him by making him scared to pee in front of me... any tips or ideas on toilet training a very nervous rescue dog? Thank you! One more thing is that although he has free run of the house, he only goes back to wee on the puppy pads in his crate. Which is something, I guess, but how do I teach him to ask to go outside? Thank you!