The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is also known as the African lion hound because of its effectiveness in hunting lions in its homeland of southern Africa. As a puppy, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is extremely energetic, but as he matures he will slow down and be content to lie next to his owner. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs do well indoors, but do need a big backyard to play in. Parts of this eHow are provided courtesy of the Anatolian Shepherd Dog Club of the United States. Step 1 Vaccinate your Anatolian Shepherd Dog when you first get him and then get yearly booster vaccinations to maintain his immunity to diseases. Consult your veterinarian about flea-control products and establishing a heartworm prevention schedule. Step 2 Feed your Anatolian Shepherd Dog high-grade dog food. The first ingredient should be meat. Crude protein should be no less than 30 percent, and crude fat no less than 20 percent. The fiber content should be 4 percent or less. Step 3 Brush and shampoo your Anatolian Shepherd Dog only as needed. Because of their short coats, they need little grooming. They are medium shedders. Step 4 Check and trim toenails every two to three weeks. Step 5 Exercise your Anatolian Shepherd Dog daily, if possible, although this breed is flexible and will adjust to your routine. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs have a lot of stamina and make great companions for runners. They also love to swim. Step 6 Train your dog early on in obedience. Because of their size, Anatolian Shepherd Dogs can injure themselves or others if not properly trained. They respond best to a gentle hand. You will need to be patient while training your Anatolian Shepherd Dog, as these dogs tend to be stubborn. Step 7 Socialize a Anatolian Shepherd Dog to be with cats, dogs and other pets from an early age. Male Anatolian Shepherd Dogs tend to have problems with other dogs. Step 8 Make sure you have a fence that is more than 6 feet high around your property. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are very athletic and can jump fences. Step 9 Understand the health problems related to Anatolian Shepherd Dogs. They are prone to hip dysplasia and dermoid sinus. Step 10 Be prepared to enjoy 10 to 12 years with your dog, as this is the average life expectancy of a Anatolian Shepherd Dog.