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Glossary - Explanation of Abbreviations, Acronyms and Jargon

Discussion in 'Dog Training and Behaviour' started by RobD-BCactive, May 28, 2011.


  1. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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    This is intended as an A..Z resource for those terms, which new readers may need to look up. Terms, you think should be explained, can be requested in thread so someone can add them. This list has grown with contributions, and whilst sorted alphabetically for skimming, it should also be searchable by a good browser.

    If somethings missing then a popular search engine & "dog <jargon term>" usually works.
    General non-Dog Training Common Net Acronyms
    Matisse's Internet Glossary (Creative Commons license, Matisse Enzer)


    ABC : (Behavioural) Antecedant Behavior Consequence, the chain "environment -> behaviour -> consequence" which may be rewarding, neutral or aversive
    ABC : (Dog Agility) Anything But (Border?) Collie (See An ABC of ABCs for advice on self-handicapping)
    ACD: Australian Cattle Dog
    ADPT : Association of Pet Dog Trainers (Welcome to APDT - Association of Pet Dog Trainers UK)
    ADO : Average Dog Owner
    aggro : British slang for aggravation & aggression
    AKC : American Kennel Club (American Kennel Club - akc.org)
    aggression : Means the writer is over generalising or unsure; dog directed fear-aggression, resource guarding, handler directed aggression or predatory behaviour are examples of more meaningful terms than the catch all "aggression".
    antecedant : the event, setting or circumstance immediately before a behavior; recognizing an antecedant allows us to predict, prevent or elicit a behavior (note 1st step of ABC)
    APBC : Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors (See The APBC | Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors)
    APO : Average Pet Owner
    astroturfing : a form of advocacy often in support of a political or corporate agenda disguised to appear as a "grassroots" movement (See Astroturfing - Wikipedia)
    Aussie: Australian Shepherd (paradoxically a US breed :) See Australian Shepherd Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)

    B-mod : Behaviour Modification
    back-chaining : teaching a sequence in reverse order; the last behavior first, then next-to-last, then one before that and so on. The last behaviour (first taught) is thus the most fluent, the current trained behaviour is unfamiliar, which is first in sequence.
    BARF : Biologically Appropriate Raw Food (http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-health-nutrition/2710-talk-me-about-barf-diet.html and http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-health-nutrition/111437-raw-feeding-everything-you-need-know.html)
    BAT : Behavior Adjustment Training (BAT | Ahimsa Dog Blog)
    BC : Border Collie (See Border Collie Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    behaviour : the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether internal or external, conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary (note 2nd step of ABC, See Behavior - Wikipedia)
    also, the active second-step of the pattern, Antecedant, Behavior, Consequence
    behaviour modification : the use of empirically demonstrated behavior change techniques to improve behavior, such as reactions to stimuli eg) stranger dogs or passing traffic (See Behavior modification - Wikipedia (Not For Squeamish!))
    behaviourism : philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things that organisms do—including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors (See Behaviorism - Wikipedia )
    behaviourist : Someone who claims to be qualified professional worthy of consulting, to assess and advise on problem dog behaviours.
    behaviourists (UK) : Multiple unregulated professional associations including APBC, CABT, CFBA & UKRCB (See Sticky & discussion at http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-training-behaviour/170778-uk-behaviourist-organisations-making-sense-wild-west.html)
    BLF : Black Labrador Retriever Female (See Labrador Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    BLM : Black Labrador Retriever Male (See Labrador Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    BTW : By The Way

    CABT : The COAPE Association of Pet Behaviourists and Trainers (See CAPBT - COAPE Association of Pet Behaviourists and Trainers)
    CFBA : Canine and Feline Behaviour Association (See Canine and Feline Behaviour Association)
    calming : techniques to relax a dog, reduce anxiety, stress, tension or hyper-activity (See Crazy Canines | Pet Central's Pawsitive Dawgs Blog!)
    calming signals : ways dogs communicate non-threatening intentions to lower tension (See http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-training-behaviour/118088-true-dog-whisperer-turid-rugaas.html)
    CC : See Classical Conditioning
    CER : Conditioned Emotional Response
    conditioned emotional response : past events build up an emotional response to something because of past experiences, with no control over the emotion. For example a person in school/work & being summoned by authority to office evokes in them anxiety and trepidation; or a dog that's yanked, jerked & yelled at, for inconveniencing handlers by looking & pausing at an approaching dog is likely to dislike oncoming dogs and begin an escalating self-reinforcing spiral of fear-based dog-aggression and yet more aversive corrections of increasing intensity
    CLF : Chocolate Labrador Retriever Female (See Labrador Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    classical conditioning : to associate [pair] a stimulus with an emotional response, deliberately
    or accidentally; this can be a negative [bad] association or positive [good] association.
    pair noisy, active children with treats & fun-games at a distance, drawing closer over time,
    and a shrieking 2-YO in a state of manic excitement is not so scary in future.
    clicker training : See Marker training (for non-pedants try going directly to http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-training-behaviour/167374-clicker-training-aka-marker-training.html)
    CLM : Chocolate Labrador Retriever Male (See Labrador Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    CM/DW : Cesar Milan the Dog Whisperer
    COAPE : Centre of Applied Pet Ethology (correspondence and residential courses in canine and feline behaviour - COAPE - Centre of Applied Pet Ethology)
    consequence : event immediately following a behavior; whether accidental (may lead to troublesome superstitious behaviors), planned or undesired
    counter conditioning : to change perception of a perviously conditioned stimulus; change dislike of water to a like so dog enjoys paddling
    C/T : Click & Treat, though Mark "Correct Signal" & Reward would be more general (See Marker Training & Rewards)

    DH&N : Forum Dog Health and Nutrition
    DISC : Deprivation Immediacy Size Contengency, for selecting rewards as reinforcers (See what makes a good reinforcer? | Stale Cheerios)
    DT&B : Forum Dog Training and Behaviour
    desensitise : reduce novelty or interest, to habituate; Often done by Counter-Conditioning: where a formerly-aversive or feared happening, is made acceptable or even happy eg) meeting stranger dogs, swimming in water or grooming; countering past negative associations.
    dog training : the process of getting behaviors the dog already knows [sit, down...] on cue, or teaching new behaviors [stay, wait, open door, close drawer, fetch bird...] & putting them on cue. (See Dog training - Wikipedia (under construction & needs improving))
    DS/CC : De-Sensitise/Counter-Condition
    DSD : Dog Star Daily
    dumbinance : Theory diagnoses almost every dog with any problem behaviour as Dominant, no matter how obviously incorrect (See http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-training-behaviour/100293-article-series-d-word-dominance.html, early series CM/DW shows are rich in examples of Dumbinance Theory)
    Dunbar : Dr Iain Dunbar of DSD - Dog Star Daily is a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, the International Society for Applied Ethology, the American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior, .. and the Association of Pet Dog Trainers (which he founded).

    ES : English Shepherd
    ESS: English Springer Spaniel (See English Springer Spaniel Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    extinction : process where a behaviour fades in frequency & finally disappears altogether, due to being unrewarded or unrewarding (See Extinction (psychology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Simply put, you get rusty at long division or speaking a foreign language, if you don't practice it and eventually appear to unlearn it completely (without revision) !

    functional rewards : often distractions are something the dog likes to do lots eg) Greeting or playing with another dog, or sniffing in that corner, which may therefore be used to reward work. Gains importance out of puppy stage, when food rewards lose relatively value especially in public (See Premack-ing for Calm | Pet Central's Pawsitive Dawgs Blog!)


    GD : Great Dane
    GR : Golden Retriever (Golden Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    grumps : meanly dislike rewards, tend to moan about "treats" or justify negativity; generally carping & sniping & non-constructive
    GSD : German Shepherd (aka Alsation http://www.justdogbreeds.com/german-shepherd-dog.html)
    GSP : German Shorthaired Pointer (German Shorthaired Pointer Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    Gundog : Dog bred to or actually working for a shoot (See Sleeping_Lion's Gundog Terminology)
    GWP : German Wirehaired Pointer (See German Wirehaired Pointer Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)

    HPR : Hunt Point Retrieve (See HPR Hunt Point Retrieve Versatile Gundogs)


    ISDS : International Sheep Dog Society (International Sheep Dog Society)

    JRT : Jack Russel Terrier (aka Parson Russel Parson Russell Terrier Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming

    KC : The Kennel Club (Online Services from the Kennel Club)
    KGS : Keep Going Signal, perhaps verbal "good" meaning "you're on the right track!" reassures dog who's trying to earn a reward

    marker training : Most frequently with a Clicker or verbal "Yes!" but visual signals like outstretched fingers can be used for a deaf dog, the mark indicates correct completion, reward earnt (See http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-training-behaviour/167374-clicker-training-aka-marker-training.html])
    Milangelist : A fan of CM/DW with missionary qualities, promoting "Cesar's Way"
    motivated reasoning : Why facts & evidence don't settle arguements (See In the persuasion game, beware the backfire effect | MNN - Mother Nature Network)

    neg-R : see R-
    neg-P : see P-
    NRM : No Reward Marker, "try another behaviour to earn the reward!"

    OC : Operant Conditioning
    OES : Old English Sheepdog (Old English Sheepdog Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    operant conditioning : the subject operates the environment or manipulates the circumstances; for example
    pushes a lever for kibble or performs the behavior which will get the trainer to pay-out a reward (or cease intimidating or inflicting pain when negative-reinforcement & punishment are basis of a coercive training strategy).

    PL : Pack Leader (theory based on discredited science (Schenkel), popularised and used sometimes as excuse to bully & intimidate dogs, appeals strongly to some personality types)
    pos-P : see P+
    pos-R : see R+
    P+ : learning theory positive punishment (generally adding a nasty to deter Learning Theory Quadrant)
    P- : learning theory negative punishment (generally witholding or preventing reward Learning Theory Quadrant)
    Premack : preferred behaviors can be used to reinforce unpreferred behaviors (On Shoddy Clicking and the Importance of Premack, Pawsitive Blog - Premack-ing for Calm and The Premack Principle | from Psychology: An Introduction)
    P'ing : punishing in learning theory sense (Learning Theory Quadrant)
    progressive training : kikopup's (Emily Larlham - Dogmantics Dog Training the official “Kikopup” website) term to distinguish a principalled style of rewards based training which strives to avoid intimidation (See Progressive Reinforcement Manifesto)
    proofing : Generalising a command usually learnt in low distraction environment, by re-teaching and practicing it in other places, or with other dogs around, or facing away from the dog (See http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-agility-flyball/168001-proofing-obstacles.html for a fun demonstration)

    resource guarding : Dogs are evolved to hold resources which they value highly eg) bone or steak & food bowl, even a grotty tennis ball or kitchen bin. The wise take steps to avoid dog feeling a need to guard.
    rewards : desirable things intended to R+ a trained behaviour and motivate the dog's to learn, not just food, but praise, play & life rewards (See "Canine Currency")
    RG : See Resource Guarding
    RLR : Real Life Rewards, see Functional Rewards
    RMB : Raw Meaty Bones (Tom Lonsdale’s, see http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-health-nutrition/111437-raw-feeding-everything-you-need-know.html)
    R+ : learning theory positive reinforcement (generally rewarding Learning Theory Quadrant)
    R- : learning theory negative reinforcement (generally coercing dog which seeks to avoid a nasty Learning Theory Quadrant)
    R'ing : reinforcing in learning theory sense (Learning Theory Quadrant)

    SBT : Staffordshire Bull Terrier (Staffordshire Bull Terrier Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)

    UK Behaviourists : Multiple unregulated profession associations including APBC, CABT, CFBA & UKRCB (See Glossary & discussion at http://www.petforums.co.uk/dog-training-behaviour/170778-uk-behaviourist-organisations-making-sense-wild-west.html)
    UKRCB - (See UK Registry of Canine Behaviourists)

    viral marketing : use pre-existing social networks to produce increases in brand awareness or achieve objectives (like product sales) through self-replicating processes (See Viral marketing - Wikipedia)

    YLF : Yellow Labrador Retriever Female (See Labrador Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
    YLM : Yellow Labrador Retriever Male (See Labrador Retriever Information, Facts, Pictures, Training and Grooming)
     
    #1 RobD-BCactive, May 28, 2011
    Last edited: May 16, 2014
  2. luvmydogs

    luvmydogs PetForums VIP

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    Brilliant, thanks :thumbup:
     
  3. CarolineH

    CarolineH PetForums VIP

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    I've saved this as a favourite because even I don't remember half the terms. :biggrin:
     
  4. arlow

    arlow PetForums Junior

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    You do muddy the waters with this bit:

     
    #4 arlow, May 28, 2011
    Last edited: Jun 7, 2011
  5. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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    Thanks arlow, I fixed the error you spotted! :)
     
  6. noushka05

    noushka05 Unicorn denier.

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    this should be made a sticky imo:D
     
    RobD-BCactive likes this.
  7. leashedForLife

    leashedForLife PetForums VIP

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    ART - in titles to indicate an article, often a link to a research journal, a newspaper, a blog, etc.

    behavior modification - modify or alter the dog's current unwanted behavior by changing their emotional response.
    I-E, dog fears car-rides, associate the car with happy experiences: feed the dog in the garage, give a bone to the dog
    while s/he lies in the back-seat of the car...

    breed acronyms & abbrevs -
    ACD: Australian Cattle Dog
    Aussie: Aus. Shepherd
    BC: Border Collie
    ESS: Engl. Springer Spaniel
    GSD: German Shepherd Dog
    GSP: German Shorthaired Pointer
    GWP: German Wirehaired Pointer

    dog training - the process of getting behaviors the dog already knows [sit, down...] on cue,
    or teaching new behaviors [stay, wait, open door, close drawer, fetch bird...] & putting them on cue.

    Extinction - a behavior which is unrewarded or unrewarding fades in frequency & finally disappears.
    hopefully the extinguished behavior is unwanted, not a desired behavior which we failed to reward.

    ____________________________________________
    positive reinforcement, negative punishment,
    positive punishment, negative reinforcement.

    the quadrants - the four terms above, often abbreviated
    Pos-R or R+ or +R
    Neg-P or P- or -P
    pos-P or P+ or +P
    neg-R or R- or -R

    see Pet Forums Community - View Single Post - A separate language... for more-detailed explanation with examples.
    _________________________________________


    VID: found in titles; indicates a video link
     
  8. grandad

    grandad PetForums VIP

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    PL : Pack Leader (theory used as excuse to bully & intimidate dogs)

    Not exactly true Rob and a little biased to be put in a sticky mods.
     
  9. Sleeping_Lion

    Sleeping_Lion Banned

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    A few bits of gundog terminology I've come across....

    The Hunt command - can be verbal, phrases used include 'Hi Lost' and 'There', or whistle, which sounds like 'Tweet twoo'; to ask the dog to hunt an area, can be accompanied by a hand signal, as if you're leaning on a low surface to one side, slight movement to fingers.

    Hup - for spaniels, the equivalent of a stop, originates from the phrase 'Hold up', is usuall accompanied by a hand signal, arm straight up, palms out with fingers closed, although some people like to hold up a cap to give their dogs a large object to see if they're at a distance, particularly useful if followed by a direction command either to left or right.

    Sit - the 'stop' command for Labradors, usually a whistle command, the dog is meant to stop and look to you for the next command. The whistle command is usually a single slow 'peeep', the volume and length increases with distance and when conditions are poor for hearing audible commands. It is usually accompanied b a hand signal, as above.

    Line up - this is done to send your dog out in a straight line away from you, the dog should be in a sit, you crouch next to your dog and using the arm furthest away from the dog like a target finder, line them up to the point in the distance you want to send them.

    Mark - to note where the retrieve has fallen, you ask the dog to 'mark' something it may not retrieve straight away.

    Dummy - these come in a variety of sizes and shapes and colours, usually a 1lb canvas dummy is used, it's generally cylindrical in shape and has a toggle on the end. The various colours come in to play as dogs view colours differently, so what may be obvious to us lying in the grass, won't be obvious to them. You can also get dummies shaped like game birds, as well as rabbit skin covers, and wings, to help them get used to carrying the real thing.

    Dummy Launcher - some dummies can be fired from a dummy launcher for training/competition purposes.

    Memory (retrieve) - where the dog has marked where something has fallen, and is asked to retrieve it at a later point.

    Blind (retrieve) - where the dog is sent out not having seen where the retrieve has fallen/been placed.

    Recall - verbal and whistle command to ask the dog to come back towards you, the whistle command is two short peeps 'peep peep', and the volume/length increases with distance and hearing conditions. This command is the fourth forgotten directional command, as well as being used to bring the dog all the way back to you, it is used to bring the dog part way back, and cast them off in another direction, or ask them to hunt up an area.

    Working Test - competition run by gundog clubs testing the dogs with dummies, many are run during the summer out of the shooting season.

    Field Trial - simulates a shoot, dogs are retrieving warm game, for this reason they can only be run during the shooting season.

    Cold Game - previously shot game used to train or during a competition
    Warm Game - freshly shot game, retrieved during competition or on a shoot

    Peg Dog - trained gundog that sits on the peg (allotted shooting position within a line of guns) and is used to retrieve the shot game for the gun

    Gun - refers to someone on a shoot who has paid to shoot

    Beating - a team of beaters with their dogs are used to flush game towards a line of guns

    Cover - refers to the type of ground cover, such as brambles, bracken, nettles, dogs are expected to work through thick cover to flush game, either during competition or on a shoot

    Cover Crop - an area of crop set aside and allowed to grow to encourage game birds to stay in that area, it provides both food and security from predators

    Picking Up - usually a team of people with their dogs, who pick up after the guns have finished on a drive. They have an important role, and should mark the birds that fall in their allotted area. If they see a runner, they sometimes send their dogs mid drive, although they usually wait until the end of the drive.

    Drive - where a row of guns waits for the beaters to drive/flush game towards them. At the end of the drive, a horn will sound after which all shooting must stop. The aim is to drive the birds up into the air, high over the guns to provide a shot, birds that fly too low are left.

    Runner - a bird that has been brought down but is strong enough to escape on foot; it's important these birds are found as they're usually injured.

    Pricked - a bird that has been shot but not killed cleanly, again, it's important these birds are retrieved and dispatched as quickly as possible.

    Priest - a tool used to dispatch wounded game birds.

    WTAW - Working Test Award Winner, most working dog people don't have this as red on the pedigree of their dogs.

    FTW - Field Trial Winner, sometimes shown on a pedigree with the award only in red, against the name of the dog in black

    OFTW - Open Field Trial Winner, sometimes shown on a pedigree with the award only in red, against the name of the dog in black

    FTCH - Field Trial Champion, shown in red, with the dogs name in red, the abbreviation of another country (eg IR for Irish) can be shown in front.

    That's all I can think of right now, I'll try and add a few more, Rob, I'm not sure if you want to include them in the main list, they're a bit higgledy piggledy I'm afraid :eek:
     
  10. CarolineH

    CarolineH PetForums VIP

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    With respect, that is just your opinion though :cool:
     
  11. grandad

    grandad PetForums VIP

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    With respect, I didn't say it was my opinion what I said was.........

    "Rob's opinion is biased and shouldn't be put in a sticky" .
     
  12. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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    Opinion?

    You should actually watch CM's show and see the intimidated corrected dogs, often frightened, and the reason given is "must be the Pack Leader". One "Dominant Dog" running away from CM with tail between legs, when CM chased it round the dogs garden, was apparently fearful, because "He is Dominant, now he is afraid he lose his Dominance".

    Just one example of Dumbinance theory I saw on the best known PL show. The Glossary reflects the majority sentiment expressed on this forum, by the regular contributors who actually field queries and respect science and behavioural research.
     
    #12 RobD-BCactive, May 29, 2011
    Last edited: May 29, 2011
  13. leashedForLife

    leashedForLife PetForums VIP

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    breed specific acronyms: often on Breed-oriented Forums, I-E, Lab-breeders, hunting forums...
    * BLF - black Labrador Retriever, female
    * BLM - black Lab, male
    * CLF - chocolate Lab, female
    * CLM - chocolate Lab, male
    * YLF - yellow Lab, female
    * YLM - yellow Lab, male
    i have yet to see an acronym for Fox-Red Lab, a deeper-pigment of yellow range,
    so i cannot say if they use F for fox or R for red.


    C/T - Click! [or other marker] followed by Treat;
    the treat may be a literal food-tidbit or any desirable reward - play with a toy, fetch, Real-Life Reward...

    IME - In My Experience, similar to In My Opinion

    IIRC - If I Recall Correctly

    RLR - real-life reward, also called functional rewards: the door opens, the food-bowl is delivered,
    the dog may exit the car, the dog may chase the squirrel / herd the sheep...
    RLRs allow us to work teaching of new-behavior & practice of known cued-behaviors into daily life.
     
  14. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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    Done my best for now, will try and figure out how to add Sleeping Lion's Gundog stuff when I have a chance.
     
  15. leashedForLife

    leashedForLife PetForums VIP

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    APO - Average Pet Owner, often used by trainers, vets, etc, to mean the general public as pet-owners.

    Ex, "Most dogs with bite-histories where skin was broken are beyond the independent skills of an APO,
    but many dogs can be successfully retrained with support from a reward-based professional trainer
    who has experience in behavior-modification, not only in teaching manners."
     
  16. leashedForLife

    leashedForLife PetForums VIP

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    aggro: aggression, which can be dog:dog, dog:human, etc.

    RG: resource guard[ing], to freeze or hunker over, growl in defense of, air-snap, bite, etc,
    when the dog feels a resource [food, bone, access to owner...] is threatened.
    generally an easily-addresed form of aggro - DeSensitization & Counter-Conditioning
    works very well, & is fairly quick.

    CC: Classically-Condition: to associate [pair] a stimulus with an emotional response, deliberately
    or accidentally; this can be a negative [bad] association or positive [good] association.
    pair noisy, active children with treats & fun-games at a distance, drawing closer over time,
    and a shrieking 2-YO in a state of manic excitement is not so scary in future.

    DS/CC - DeSensitize, reduce novelty or interest; to habituate;
    & Counter-Condition: make formerly-aversive or scary things acceptable or even happy events,
    to counter past-associations; generally paired, rarely found as single processes.

    OC: Operant Conditioning: the subject operates the environs or manipulates the circs:
    pushes a lever for a kibble; performs the behavior which will get the trainer to pay-out. ;)
     
  17. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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    :eek: yet more long words!! Will try and add them this weekend, ty.
     
  18. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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    OK, Terry I've added those but you best check them as some were creatively editted ;)

    On Gun Dog stuff, perhaps entries like

    GD : See Gundog
    Gundog : Dog bred to or actually working for a shoot (See Gundog Section)

    Then have Sleeping Lion's Gundog phrases pointed to, so she can maintain them, for the GD regulars?
     
  19. leashedForLife

    leashedForLife PetForums VIP

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    whaddaya think?


    Marker Training: Often audible: a Click or whistle [for marine mammals] or a crisp 'Yes!;
    markers can also be visual, Ex: thumbs-up or a short flash of light for a deaf dog; the mark indicates
    a desired action, & predicts a reward.
     
  20. RobD-BCactive

    RobD-BCactive PetForums VIP

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