Elliot is nearly 13 months old. He's always been happy go lucky and confident, and generally a joy. He's definitely in a teenage stage and has lost all his recall and can have cloth ears, but I have been managing until now. A few weeks back when it became clear that he needed to stay on lead I pulled out my long line but, being a bit uncoordinated, I managed to step on it during our first walk using it which hurt him ( he yelped) and then was incredibly wary of it. Then I changed to a Flexi which is usually fine but he hates the clunking sound when it's locked and also doesn't like the handle close to him, like when I'm clipping it on and off. I've been trying to practice recall on the long line / Flexi and when he doesn't respond have been trying to reel him in, but because he doesn't like the lead he finds this adversive and as a result I think I've tainted his recall cue. I don't know if this is another fear stage or what but he's been cowering over these leads and a few other things including big dogs and traffic which is horrible to see and I feel like I'm not doing a very good job with him. He's a really active dog and he's really missing the opportunity to run freely now he's on lead which is why I've been trying to use the long line and Flexi. I have no secure areas where I can take him, although there is one field where I can usually trust him off lead so long as it's deserted. He's also not very food motivated in general (he's had tummy problems for most of his life so food is not necessarily a good thing for him) but he's not toy motivated at all, and praise isn't cutting it right now. If I were a better trainer I'd be able to get him motivated but I just feel like I can't see how to get through this. I know he WILL get through it, but at what cost?