Something that's never quite sat with me is when people describe their aggression as 'true' aggression. Where they believe the dog purposefully and wholeheartedly has his or her mind set on biting someone or another dog. However, I always feel that dogs only bite when they need to and even the 'confident' dogs that are overtly aggressive- body forward, hard, direct stare, whiskers and lips puckered forward, high aroused tail etc.- are acting that way out of feeling threatened and fearful. But there seems to be a lot of people- average dog owners and professionals included- that see some dogs as not fearful when they turn aggressive or hostile. Obviously, the concept of 'dominance' aggression doesn't help this- where dogs are multiple resource guarders and use aggression to control their resources consistently. I don't use the term 'dominance aggression', as I see dominance/subordinate relationships as only intra-species specific, but when you have multiple resource guarders who act in this way, I still would call it, fundamentally, 'fear aggression'. Am I missing a trick here or is it all down to shoddy labels and misleading human interpretations?