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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
Old Hemp (1893–1901) was a stud dog considered to be the progenitor to the Border Collie breed. He was owned by Adam Telfer, and was used as a working dog to herd sheep. His style was different from that commonly seen during his era, as he worked far more quietly than the other sheepdogs of the time. This style was adopted and used by other breeders and trainers and became the most common style among Border Collies within a few generations, with his descendants becoming successful international sheepdog champions.

Life and herding career

In September 1893,Old Hemp was born to Adam Telfer's two dogs in Cambo, Northumberland.Hemp's mother, Meg, was a reticent and very strong-eyed black sheepdog; while Hemp's father, Roy, was a loose-eyed black, white, and tan sheepdog with a good natured temperament. Unlike many modern border collies, Hemp was a tri-colored dog with only a small amount of white fur on his trim.

First following sheep at the age of six weeks,Hemp grew to have a great ability to herd. He moved sheep quietly unlike the louder sheepdogs of the era and was far more mild-mannered,although sometimes worked so intensely that he physically trembled;within a few generations his style had been adopted by almost all Border Collies,and became known as the Border Collie style.

Hemp never ceased to impress his owner Adam Telfer. Telfer once said, while talking about Hemp, "he flashed like a meteor across the sheepdog horizon. There never was such an outstanding personality."With that, Telfer continued Hemp's legacy within his own breeding stock.Author and commentator Eric Halsall was also impressed by his skill. Halsall once said about Hemp, "none who saw him [work] ever forgot him...Almost faultless in [his] work...he was born with such knowledge of his craft that he never required training and went to his work naturally."

Legacy

Hemp is considered the foundation sire or "father" of the Border Collie breed.The International Sheepdog society began its stud book in 1915, with Old Hemp being the ninth entry,out of around 300,000.Old Hemp's ability to herd sheep was what attracted many dog handlers. Estimates place his offspring at more than 200, due to his stud services being widely sought after. His medium sized stature and rough coat are commonly seen in the breed today as many of his offspring continued to keep many of his original traits.

While it is not known if Hemp participated in any sheepdog trials, a dog from Telfer's own breeding stock, Sweep (a grandson of Hemp), won the International Sheep Dog Society's championship twice. Adam Telfer later bred and owned another dog named Hemp, a descendant of Old Hemp. The younger Hemp won the 1924 International Farmers Championship for sheepdogs.This was not the only victory in that competition by Old Hemp's descendants. Each of the twenty nine collies that won the championship between 1906 and 1951 were descendants from Old Hemp.

 

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Discussion Starter · #4 · (Edited)
This dog (born in 1893) served as the model for the Border Collie exterior. His big influence on the breed was caused by his sensational appearance at trials. Since he started trials at the age of one, he never lost one. Old Hemp had a formidable ability to read sheep, and finished every course apparently without any difficulty. The reticent Scots apparently described him as 'bluidy marvellous'.

Actually, it was quite surprising that Old Hemp was this talented. His father-Roy-was a nice dog, but did not posses special talent for herding sheep. His mother-Meg-on the contrary was such an intense worker that she hypnotised herself instead of the sheep. Thus Old Hemp was a typical example of a dog inheriting all the good characteristics of its parents without being burdened by their bad habits.

During the eight years of his life, Old Hemp was a very popular stud dog, supposedly he fathered more than 200 dogs and an unknown number of bitches. A scary high number of offspring, and thus most current Border Collies are somehow descendants of Old Hemp. A factor adding to the success of Old Hemp as stud dog is the fact he passed on his characteristics to his offspring very well. Many of them became successful trial dogs.

Border Collies - History

http://www.bonnidune.com/info.html

http://www.gis.net/~shepdog/BC_Museum/Permanent/AULD HEMP/AULDHEMP.html
 
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