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Breeding From Bitches

Discussion in 'Dog Breeding' started by Blondie, Apr 23, 2011.


  1. Blondie

    Blondie PetForums VIP

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    Here is some information for those of you who wish to try a more natural way of breeding and rearing dogs by feeding a raw diet. This is the method I follow.

    Your bitch should be close to her ideal weight at the time of mating, she should also be gaining weight at this time. She should be on a 'rising plane of nutrition'. This will help her fertility immeasurably.
    when you know your bitch is about 6 weeks away from coming in season, decrease her food slightly so she loses a little weight, so she is around 5% below her ideal weight by 3 weeks before coming in season. Now, 2-3 weeks before, increase her food again to her normal levels. Doing this will ensure she will be gaining weight at the time she ovulates and conceives. Her body will respond to this increase in nutrition with brilliant hormone production and a maximum number of healthy eggs shed and a maximum number will be fertilised.

    Try and time it so at the time of mating, she is at her ideal weight - blooming with condition.

    What you are doing here is telling her body that good times are coming and this is an excellent time to reproduce.

    When you temporarily increase her food, it should contain a greater amount of the nutrients essential for growth. That means extra protein, extra vitamins, extra essential fatty acids and extra minerals. In practical terms that means, more chicken wings, more liver, more eggs, more of the oils. Add extra supplements like kelp, Vitamin E, Multi vitamin B's and Vitamin C.

    PLEASE NOTE - COD LIVER OIL SHOULD NOT BE FED DURING THE FIRST TWO THIRDS OF PREGNANCY. THE HIGH LEVELS OF VITAMIN A CAN BE DANGEROUS TO FOETAL HEALTH IN THAT PERIOD.

    To ensure that the optimum numbers of pups are retained by her uterus, keep that high plane of nutrition going for seven to ten days after mating, tapering it off gently, so that at 14 days after mating, she has returned to her normal diet. Normal both in quantity and quality. You do NOT need to overfeed your bitch in the first thrid if preganancy, the puppies are not growing much during this period and it is important that you do not get mom too fat! The only thing I would stress at this time, is to keep up with the kelp, Vit E, Vit B Complex and Vit C. Vit C has been found to aid in an easy delivery.

    It is usual to feed more food during the last half of pregnancy. Its a matter of gradually feeding more food to keep up with her increasing weight. Particularly during the last third of pregnancy. It is during the last third that the pups do most of their growing. As a general rule of thumb, you would increase the food by 5-10% each week, beggining at week 6 so that by week 8 she is having up to one and a quarter to one and a half times what she had in early pregnancy.

    Over the last 3-4 weeks, gradually reduce meal size and increase meal frequency so that by week 8 she is having 3-4 meals a day, with each meal being about half to a third the size what it was when you were feeding her once a day normally.

    One of the biggest mistakes made by breeders is to feed extra calcium the bitches. DO NOT DO THIS!! Instead of preventing problems you are more likely to create them. It has been observed that pregnant bitches in the wild, towards the end of pregnancy, choose to eat more of the organ meats rather than bones. they eat concentrated foods rich in essential fatty acids, proteins and vitamins. Foods that are LOW in calcium, like heart, liver, kidney, brains and so on. Once they have given birth, these moms add bone eating to their menu once again.

    The thinking behind feeding extra calcium to the diet is that it will prevent eclampsia, however, you are more likely to cause eclampsia rather than prevent it! In addition, the extra calcium can cause tissue calcification and other birhth defects in pups.

    During week 9 the pups do not grow much in weight but they do a lot of finishing or developing type growth. As your bitch comes closer to whelping, gradually reduce the total amount of food fed, so that a couple of days before she is due to give birth, she is receiving about half of that increased amount you were feeding during week 8. If you are feeding supplements, now is the time to reduce and stop these too, so by the due date she is no longer receiving any supplements.

    Do not be surprised if your bitch goes off her food completely about 12 hours before giving birth, there is no hard and fast rule to this though, so bitches do and some dont! When the bitch is ready to give birth, she completely stops her production of progesterone. This initiates the birth process. It is this which causes the temporary drop in body temperature from its normal 38.5 degrees Celcuis to around 37 degrees for a few hours. This occurs approximately 8-12 hours before she whelps.
     
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